Negotiations between the EU and Singapore on a free trade agreement started in March 2010. On 16 December 2012, EU Trade Commissioner Karel De Gucht and Singapore's Minister of Trade and Industry Lim Hng Kiang completed final negotiations on the EU-Singapore Free Trade Agreement (ESTA). The EU and Singapore released this text on 20 September 2013.
ESTA covers numerous issues, including protection of "intellectual property" in its chapter 11. Despite Commissioner Karel De Gucht having stated in front of the PE, speaking about TAFTA: “ACTA, one of the nails in my coffin. I’m not going to reopen that discussion. Really, I mean, I am not a masochist. I’m not planning to do that”, some ESPA articles are directly copied from ACTA.